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الجمل الشرطية
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الجمل الشرطية

شكل الجملة الشرطية

حالات الجملة الشرطية

بدائل IF

تمارين عامة 

 


شكل الجملة الشرطية

تنقسم الجمل الشرطية إلى قسمين هما :

1-     سؤال الشرط (  IF – Cluase )

2-     جواب الشرط (  Main clause  )

نموذج تكوين الجملة الشرطية :  

If clause  

Main clause  

If +  فاعل  +  فعل  +  تكملة  

فاعل  +  فعل ناقص  +  فعل  +  تكملة  .  

E.G : If it rains  heavily , we will dress coat .

ويجوز أن نبدأ الجملة بــــ جواب الشرط فتصبح :

We will dress coat if it rains heavily .  

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حالات الجملة الشرطية

للجمل الشرطية ثلاث حالات :  

Type  الحالة  

 

If –cluase

 

Main clause  جواب الشرط

 

( Type 1 )  حالة أولى  

 

الفعل تصريف أول  

 

Will / shall + base

 

( Type 2 )  حالة ثانية

 

الفعل تصريف ثاني  

 

Would / should + base

 

( Type 3 )  حالة ثالثة  

 

Had + P.P

 

Would /should + have + P.P

 

Advise  النصيحة

 

If I were you

 

 I woluld +  base +  تكملة  

 

ملاحظة : (  were  ) في جملة النصيحة تستخدم في جميع الحالات و الضمائر .  

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  بدائل IF

1-      ( when )

-         If ( uncertain  عدم تأكيد  )

-         When ( certain  تأكيد   )

a.      If he has money , he will lend me .

b.      When he has money , he will lend me .

Which one is uncertain about lending money ?

2-      Provide / providing / providing  + that (  يشترط أن  )

نفس المعنى و الاستخدام من If

                  e.g: Providing that you tell truch , you won’t go .

3-      ( Were )

يجوز حذف  if  في جملة النصيحة و إستخدام ( were  ) بدل عنها .

If I were you , I would go to doctor .

Were I you , I would go to doctor .

4-      Had

يجوز حذف (  if ) في الحالة الثالثة وإستخدام (  had  ) بدل عنها .

If I had been ill , I would have gone to doctor .

5-      Unless

وتستخدم بدل (  if not  ) وذلك حسب قواعد التحليل التالية :ـ

 

If ( not )

 

Unless

 

If + don’t + base

 

Unless + base

 

If + dosen’t + base

 

Unless + base ( s)

 

If + don’t have

 

Unless have

 

If + dosen’t have

 

Unless has

 

If + isn’t

 

Unless is

 

If + aren’t

 

Unless are

 

If + didn’t +  تصريف أول  

 

Unless +  تصريف ثاني  

 

 If + didn’t + have

 

Unless + had

 

   

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تمارين عامة

Q1:Re- write the following

  • If you have nothing to do , life be boring .

Unless ………………………………………………….

  • Unless you a pologize , at once , I never speak to you .

If ………………………………………………………….

  • If you didn’t find him , will you phone me ?

Unless …………………………………………………………..

  • She wouldn’t work so hard unless it were necessary .

If it ………………………………………………………………..

  • There isn’t much you can did if he dosen’t answer you

Unless ……………………………………………………………….

  • You couldn't travel abroat if you didn't have a pssporte 

Unless ................................................................................

  • I wouldn't eat unless I feel  extremely hungry .

IF ..........................................................................................

  • If he dosen't listen carefully , he may miss the point 

Unless .................................................................................

  • You  can't go in unless you've got a ticket .

IF ............................................................................................

  • He wouldn't get there unless he tooke a taxi .

If .............................................................................................

  • I'll call the police if you don't go away .

Unless ...................................................................................

 

Q2 :Correct in the barket 

  • If I ………………….. ( see ) apoor man , I’d help him .

  • I’ll make some coffee if you ……………. ( bring ) me suger .

  • If I ………………….. ( be ) rich would you marry me ?

  • I …………………….. ( accept ) this fob if I were  you .

  • The man ……………………. ( work ) hander if he is better treated  .

  • He will get gat if he ………………. ( eat ) all this food .

  • If you ………… ( have ) a mollion pounds what would you do ?

  • Were I you , I ……………………………….. ( be ) happy ?

  • What will he say if he …………… ( hear ) of the mother ?

  • When he ……………………… ( come ) please , tell me .

  • If I ………………( know ) of your illness I’d have come to see you .

  • Your boy …………. ( pass ) his exam if he had worked more carefully .

  • Had you hit the boxer , he …………… ( hit ) you much harder .

  •  If I …………… ( be ) in your place , I would have said nothing .  

Q3 : choose the correct answer 

  • If he .................... absent tomorrow . class will be cancelled .

a. is                      b.was                             c. were

  • If I ................. you I'd accept it .

a.had been        b.was                            c.were 

  • If the weather were nice . we ................... swimming .

a.wiil go              b.would go                c.would have gon.

  • If he .................. my bills , I would get in a lot of trubles.

a. don't poay           b. didn't have                  c.hadn't have .

  • If ihad my camera, I .................................. a picture .

a.will take              b.would take       c. would have taken.

  • An aerosol spray will explode if you .................... it into fire .

a.throw                b. threw                 c. had thrown 

  • The couple would live in a village if they ............ enough money to hire a suitable house in the city .

a . don't have    b. didn't have         c. hadn'd had 

  • More tourists ................. to this town if it had a better climate .

a. will come       b. would come       c.would have come .  

  

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