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المبني للمعلوم و المجهول
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النفي

الجملة الخبرية

المبني للمعلوم 

المفعولين

الأسئلة

المبني للمجهول

تمارين عامة على المبني للمجهول

السؤال الإستفهامي

الإستعمال

أفعال الحواس

أنواع جمل المبني للمجهول

 


 

المبني للمعلوم 

يكون الفعل مبني للمعلوم :ـ

إذا قام الفاعل ( المبتدأ ) بالحدث أو الفعل ( أي اننا نعرف الفاعل ) 

e.g: The boy broke the window 

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المبني للمجهول

يكون الفعل مبني للمجهول 

اذا كنا نهتم بالفعل او الحدث بصرف النظر عن الفاعل .

( أي لا نهتم بالفاعل بل الحدث و المفعول به ) 

e.g: The window was broken 

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الإستعمال

أغراض إستعمال في حالة المبني للمجهول .

أ ـ اذا لم نعرف الفاعل 

                                                    ب ـ اذا أردنا تجاهل الفاعل خصوصا ً اذا كان الفاعل أحد الضمائر التالية :

( He/she /it /someone/somebody/something...........)

ملاحظة : إذا اردنا تحويل الجملة من المعلوم الى المجهول علينا تحويل الفعل حسب الجدول التالي 

معلوم  active  

مجهول passive  

Simple present  تصريف أول  Is , am , are + P.P
Simple past  تصريف ثاني  

 

Was , were + P.P

 

Past perfect (  Had + P.P )

 

Had + been + P.P

 

Present perfect ( has/ have + P.P ) Have / has + been + P.P

 

Must + تصريف أول  

 

Must + be + P.P

 

Will / can / shall + تصريف أول Will /shall / can + be + P.P

 

Have to / has to +  تصريف أول Have to /has to / be + P.P

 

Is / am / are + going to +  تصريف أول

 

Is / am / are + going to + be + P.P
Was / were + going to +  تصريف  اول

 

Was / were + going to + be + P.P

 

Had to +  تصريف أول

 

Had to + be + P.P

 

Would / should / could +  تصريف ثالث

 

Would / could / + have + been + P.P

 

Would / could / should + have + P.P

 

Would / should / could + have + been + P.P

 

Present continuous ( is , am , are ) + ing Is / am / are + being + P.P

 

Past continuous ( was , were + ing ) Was /were + being + P.P

 

 

الجدول التالي يبين كيفية تحويل الضمائر 

جدول رقم ( 2 ) 

I       me

 

He        him She         her

 

It            it

 

We     us

 

You        you

 

They     them

 

 

 

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انواع جمل المبني للمجهول

1-     الجملة الخبرية

2-     النفي

3-     المفعولين

4-     افعال الحواس

5-     الأمثلة

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أولا : الجملة الخبرية

القاعدة العامة   

Active

فاعل  + فعل  +  مفعول  

Passive

مفعول +    فعل محول  

  فاعل  + فعل  +  مفعول  
  مفعول +    فعل محول  

نقلنا المفعول إلى بداية الجملة مع تحويله إذا كان ضمير

حولنا الفعل وذلك حسب الجدول الأول

ملاحظة : إذا وجد في الجملة حال فإنه يقع بين الفعل المساعد و الفعل الأصلي .

مثال :

  • Widad spoke the word quietly .

  • The words were quietly spoken .

 

تمارين

  • Doing the ward has increased my confidence .

My confidence ……………………………….

  • We are going to hold the meeting .

The meeting …………………….

  • My mother makes cakes well .

Cakes ……………………………..

  • My mother was spoking dinner when I got home .

Dinner ………………………………

  • Let me go now .

 I ……………………………………..

  • The earthquake killed many people and destroyed houses .

Many people …………………………

 

ملاحظة : إذا ربطنا جملتين بحرف عطف علينا تحول الجملتين .

إذا ربطنا الجملتين بأدوات ظرفية علينا تحويل الجملة الرئيسية ( الجملة التي لا تتبع الأدوات الظرفية )  

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ثانيا : الأسئلة

Active

aux  + subject + verb + object + comp ?

Passive 

aux( changed) + object + P.P + comp ?

  • Have you ever seen Petra  ?

  • Has Petra ever been seen   ?

 

 

مساعد ( معلوم )

 

مساعد ( مجهول )

 

Do / Does +  تصريف أول

 

Is / am  / are +  مفعول  +  تصريف ثالث

 

Did +  تصريف أول

 

Was / were  +  مفعول  +  تصريف ثالث

 

Have / has +  تصريف ثالث

 

Have / has  +  مفعول  + been +   فعل ثالث

 

Had +  تصريف ثالث

 

Had +  مفعول  + been +  تصريف ثالث

 

Will / shall / can +  تصريف أول

 

Will / shall / can  +  مفعول  + be +  فعل ثالث

 

Is / am / are + ing

 

Is / am  / are +  مفعول  + being +  فعل ثالث

 

Was / were + ing

 

Was / were +  مفعول  + being +  فعل ثالث

 

   

 

الخطوات

حولنا الفعل المساعد حسب الجدول السابق

نقلنا المفعول بعد الفعل المساعد المحول

حولنا إلى التصريف الثالث 

وضعنا تكملة السؤال 

 

تمارين

  • Will you buy a new house next year  ?

Will ………………………………… ?

  • Did your teacher give you test ?

Were ……………………………….. ?

  • Are you digging this hole ?

Is  …………………………………… ?

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   السؤال الإستفهامي  

Actives 

  Wh+aux + subject + verb+object + comp?

Passive 

wh+ aux ( changed ) + object + verb( changed ) + comp? 

ملاحظة : لا فرق في التحويل بين سؤال ( yes , no  ) و سؤال  (  wh )

تمارين

  • Who spoiled this painting yeasterday ?

Who …………………………………………………. ?

  • When did you paint the door white ?

When …………………………………………………  ?

  • Whom have you met there ?

Whom ………………………………………………..   ?

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  افعال الحواس

افعال الحواس هي : ـ  

Feel

Watch

Touch

Hear

See

Observe

Notice

Sense

يشعر

يشاهد

يلمس

يسمع

يرى

يراقب

يلاحظ

يحس

 القاعدة    

Active 

 subject + verb + object + verb (ing) + comp ?

Passive 

object + verb ( changed ) +to +base + comp ?

  • I saw him entering the shop .

  • He was seen to enter the shop .

تمارين

  • He has watched me cleaning my room .

 I ……………………………………….

  • They observed you run quickly .

You ……………………………………..

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  النفي 

القاعدة  

Active

subject + didn’t +  object   

Passive

object +  isn’t / aren’t / amn’t  + P.P  

Active

subject + didn’t +  base + object .

Passive

object  + wasn’t / weren’t +  P.P.

   

تمارين

  • She didn’t invite us to dinner in the gallery .

We …………………………………………

  • He doesn’t promise anyone .

Anyone …………………………………….

  • They don’t teach you English .

You ………………………………………

 

ملاحظة تعامل الكلمات التالية معاملة النفي :

 “ nobody , no one , nothing “

 

e.g :

  • No one asked you to come >

You weren’t asked to come .

  • Nothing prevents me to stay here .

I ……………………………………..

  • Nobody has told them to do it .

They …………………………………

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المفعولين

القاعدة  

Active 

subject   +  verb  +  مفعول عاقل   +  مفعول غير العاقل   +  comp   .  

Passive

مفعول  غير العاقل  + verb(changed)  + to  مفعول عاقل +  comp  .

 

  • She gave me a book

  • Abook was given to me .

 

تمارين

  • They will send you a litter .

You ……………………..

  • We have asked them a question .

A  question …………………….

  • She had promised her a gift .

A gift …………………………..

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  تمارين عامة على المبني للمجهول

  • They will sell all eggs in the street today >

All  eggs ……………………………………………….

  • He always injuries his legs matches .

His legs ………………………………………………….

  • No one found the lost match .

The lost match …………………………………………

  • Who saw her in the market yesterday  ?

Who ………………………………………………………

  • Has any one taught English before you came ?

Have ………………………………………………………

  • When you arrive she will have written the exercise .

The exercise ………………………………………………..

  • Some body looked  after this child well .

This child ……………………………………………………

  • No body  has ever written such a book  before .

Such a book …………………………………………………

  • I thought they would ask me many question .

It was thought ………………………………………………

  • Although every body knew me in a collage , no one takes nofice of me now .

I ……………………………………………………………………………

  • fleming  discovered  pencillin .

Pencillin .......................................................................................................

  • Our neighbour ought to paint the garage .

The garage .................................................................................................

  • You can improve your health with more exercise .

Your health ...............................................................................................

  • A dog is chasing the child .

The child ...................................................................................................

  • They are going to adopt the new syllabus next year .

The new syllabus ...............................................................................

  • People must obey the law 

The law ...................................................................................................

  • You should water this plant daily 

This plant .................................................................................................

  • He gave me a present .

I ...................................................................................................................

  • The grader has planted some trees .

some trees .................................................................................................

  • Some one had broken our door down .

Our door ......................................................................................................

  • We don't grow tea in Jordan .

Tea ............................................................................................................

  • She waters the plants daily .

The plants ...................................................................................................

  • They grow bananas in Africa .

Bananas ....................................................................................................

  • My mother hasn't washedthe dishes yet .

The dishes ................................................................................................

  • Lamis has to return these books to the libary .

The books ................................................................................................

  • The police have oraganized a search for the robbers .

A search for hte robbers .....................................................................

  • The soldiers are making their efforts to clean the vallage .

Their efforts ................................................................................................

  • Millions of people speak English all over the world 

English ................................................................................................

  • A grocer doesn't sell books .

Books ................................................................................................

  • They didn't offer him a grant .

He .........................................................................................................

  • They supply got water at the intercontinenatal Hotel 24 hours a day 

...................................................................................................................

  • No body asked you to leave .

You ............................................................................................................

  • Some one is cleaning the windows.

The windows ............................................................................................

  • They don't let us use cameras in the museum .

We ..............................................................................................................

  • They are going to choose a new type of curtains.

A new type of curtains ......................................................................

  • They saw the teacher entering the class .

The teacher ............................................................................................

  • Did they clean the rooms ?

...................... the rooms ............................? 

 

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